Skim-coating is the process of applying a thin layer of material, such as cement, over a wall to even out the surface. Skim Coat or Plaster? Apply self-sticking fiberglass drywall tape to any visible board seams. With a portion of plaster on your hawk, start applying the plaster to the wall with your float. Here is a new and easy to master the approach for smoothing out damaged or rough walls. Skim coating is a quick and simple solution for repairing damaged walls. Back in the days before drywall, walls were framed as straight as possible and covered with rough sawn 1/2″x2″ pieces of slat board and then covered with plaster. The procedure implemented to skim-coat a cement wall … Make sure you keep this clean, because you want the plaster to slide off easily. Homebuilding is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Skim coating is the process of applying a very thin covering of joint compound, also called mud, to smooth out rough wall and ceiling surfaces. Should it be thinned with water? All walls need a backing coat except Using a roller allows you to get more compound on the wall faster than if you were scooping it out with a taping knife. Any damaged and crumbling old plaster will need to come off the walls, before the brickwork beneath is cleaned off. If it does leave a print, wait a little longer. Always follow the mixing directions for your product. One coat plaster is a particular kind of plaster created to offer a simpler approach to plastering. Skim coating is a texturing technique used by painters and decorators to smooth out a wall. In this post I’m showing you how to use the Magic Trowel. Read the instructions carefully. Leave to dry, and clean your tools off for the next job. For the best results, follow up a skim coat application with paint. Use the roller and roller cover to apply a good layer of joint compound to the wall. Once a lump of the plaster mix is on the hawk, it should stick when held upside down — if it doesn’t the mixture may not be thick enough. There are lots of different tools you can use to skim coat. The skim (finish) coat is responsible for smoothness. Drywallers use this technique to hide an imperfect taping job, to give the wall a plaster-like appearance and in situations when only the smoothest surface will do. Future Publishing Limited Quay House, The Ambury, The Finish Coat. Plaster Wall Repair. A 1/8-inch thick application of plaster is ideal for walls and ceilings. Work the drywall knife neatly at a 30-degree angle, this time working the product onto the wall in vertical strokes. It’s more important to go quickly and not overwork the wall. Skim coating is a texturing technique used to make a wall smooth. This technique is used by the drywallers to conceal any imperfections in the taping job and to give a plaster-like appearance to the wall. Why is Sarah Beeny’s House Being Constructed with ICF? The skim (finish) coat is the final coat and is responsible for smoothness. Once dry, the wall can be painted, wallpapered and otherwise decorated as normal. Assuming you are skim coating freshly repaired plaster walls that have not been wallpapered or painted, begin by applying a bonding agent. You will receive a verification email shortly. Pour a small bag of powder setting compound and warm water into a mud pan using a 2-to-1, powder-to-water ratio. Skim coating means applying a thin layer of joint compound or plaster to your walls. Brush some water over your hawk to moisten the surface. Step 2 Lightly sand the surface with medium-grit sandpaper if the paint has a gloss or semi-gloss finish. Back in the days before drywall, walls were framed as straight as possible and covered with rough sawn 1/2″x2″ pieces of slat board and then covered with plaster. Plaster wall repair - how to skim coat plaster walls - Smooth Plaster Walls Before drywall, walls were framed as straight as possible and covered with 1/2"x2" pieces of slat board and then smeared with plaster. What kind of compound is best to use when skim coating a plaster wall that had wallpaper removed. Continue applying and skimming the plaster. If you are right handed, start at the top left of the wall and work across to the right. Plastering is not easy, even this takes practice. Not only this but an uneven background can result in some areas having a greater thickness of plaster. With our old plaster walls, one wants to patch and skim coat, while the other wants to put 1/4" drywall. Mix another batch of joint powder compound with water. Press the trowel against the wall and slide the paste across the surface of the wall. I went to the hardware store the guy their told me that Durabond 90 will work great and to just fill the cracks with it and skim coat. After the wall is smooth, let the first coat of joint compound dry. Smear the plaster onto the wall, starting with the bottom corner. You should repeat this stage three or four times, at 10–15 minute intervals to ensure the plaster is as smooth as possible. With a clean float, go quite firmly over the plaster to smooth out any lines or imperfections before you add your second coat of plaster. Pile just a small amount of plaster onto your trowel, you can always add more later. He … Once the second coat is beginning to dry (touch test again), you can start ‘closing in’ the wall, running your metal float over the wall to smooth out any imperfections. We originally wanted to skim coat the walls to smooth them out, but a contractor suggested that we could put up drywall over it instead since we have some room to give on our baseboards and trim. Apply joint compound to wall Using a thick nap paint roller, apply a generous amount of mud to the wall. How to Smooth Out Uneven Plaster With a Skim Coat - YouTube Run your hand over the surface of the wall lightly to verify that no nailheads remain in the wall. You want to begin skimcoating before the bonding agent has completely dried. While this sets the stage for the new coat, it also makes the surface a bit slippery and also means you will need to work fast. How to Skim Coat a Wall. Wipe down the wall with a soft brush. Scoop up a half of a trowel of mix onto the trowel. Apply the product in horizontal strokes, 1 to 2 feet long. Exposed drywall leaves your home vulnerable to daily wear and tear and does nothing for your decor. England and Wales company registration number 2008885. Bath How Soon Can I Paint New Plaster? After the last coat dries, pole-sand the wall with 120-grit paper. How much does it cost to skim coat a wall? The skim (finish) coat is the final coat and is responsible for smoothness. Basically a 1ft x 1ft board with a perpendicular handle pointing out the back. How to Skim or Top Coat Plaster your Walls or Ceiling and How to get a Flat and Smooth Finish. 1. Fill a mop bucket one-third full with warm water. The best way to restore the wall surface is by skim-coating it. If you’re left handed, start at the top left and work your way across to the right. Transfer your mixed compound to your skimmer plate – you want to be holding your skimmer plate in one hand and applying with the other. A smooth finish is obtained by applying a skim coat of finish plaster. This process is quite challenging, so maybe enlisting the help of painting companies would be ideal. For DIY users, we recommend applying two coats of plaster to the wall. For a perfect skim coat, you need a smooth surface. If you need a plasterer to apply a fresh skim coat to old plaster walls, you will need to prepare your walls first as they cannot and will not work with damaged and crumbling old plaster! Before we can start to prime our walls, we first must ensure that the plaster is dry. Wipe down the wall before applying the second coat. Crouch down and push the plaster up the wall in a gentle arc, standing as you go to reach the higher parts. Allow the first coat to dry for 1 hour. Skim Coating to get rid of ugly texture I’ll be using the paint roller method with a 1 1/4″ roller nap (cover) and I thinned down the all purpose joint compound with water. Remember, there will be another 1 millimeter thick coat of plaster going on this, so don't spend too much time getting the first cost perfect. Remove or cover any nearby furniture or accessories to protect them from flinging plaster. Skim Plaster an Old Wall. Preparing and Laying on Your Top Coat Plaster. Apply your skim in - gasp - one thin (2mm-ish) coat. Apply a thick enough coat to cover the surface with an even coat of cement. Much of the detail, such as thickness of skim layer, and plaster to water ratio will be printed on the packaging of the plaster, so ensure you read the bag carefully before starting. This skim coating technique is a great way for anyone from DIYers to contractors to apply a skim coat drywall or plaster walls and ceilings. Drywallers use this technique to hide an imperfect taping job, to give the wall a plaster-like appearance and in situations when only the smoothest surface will do, for instance after removing wallpaper. You can pour joint compound into a roller tray or dip the roller directly into the 5 … IMPORTANT NOTE: The final, finished, and almost perfectly smooth wall you're after is still several skim coats away, so don't stress if … Working with a small amount on the trowel, apply the plaster to the wall with the tool held at a low angle to the surface. Light weight compound, blue bucket, or regular, green bucket if going with joint compound It’s also a thicker consistency that allows for thicker layers than with other types of wall plaster. Skim coating is a texturing technique used to make a wall smooth. How to plaster the skim or top coat layer of plaster. Firstly, you will need to mix up a batch of top coat. Skim-coating can rescue a wall with numerous hairline cracks but cannot help a wall if the plaster is loose or unsound. Skim-coating can rescue a wall with numerous hairline cracks but cannot help a wall if the plaster is … When applying a skim coat, this should be done with the intended colour of the wall. This how to skim coat trick is a great way for anyone from DIYers to contractors to apply a skim coat to drywall and plaster walls or ceilings. Test the condition of the wall first by pushing against it with your fingertips. Some people, especially the professionals like to skim coat a wall the traditional way, using a hawk and trowel – and for this, you will need to be aware of the six stages of skimming. You hold it in your hand, so the board is flat, and use it to carry dollops of plaster around the room. A quick skim coat of plaster can quickly and easily rectify many types of imperfection in walls and ceilings and give you a clean, flat and even base to work from. It is not designed to flatten, but is literally just a smoothing off coat. See professionally prepared estimates for drywall skimming work. The instructions on the bag of plaster will guide you to the correct amount of plaster for this job. Besides start ups, she has extensive skills in recruiting, selling, leadership, makeup artistry and skin care. Skim coat is kind of like a plastering method, in that it is a thin layer of coat applied on a plastered wall. This can involve the application of a single coat of mud to hide minor imperfections or it can involve the use of several coats to build up a smooth, finished surface. Sod doing two coats - this was pure invention just so's pros could show-off; it has no benefit in reality - it's a mere ego trip for plasterers. If you have too many … I'll be using the paint roller method with a 1 1/4" roller cover and thinned down all purpose joint compound. Skim-coating is the technique of applying thin layers of gypsum-based joint compound over the entire surface. The three-coat plaster system begins with two coarse or rough coats. Skim coating a wall yourself is relatively easy to do and significantly cheaper than paying someone else to do it. Following the same steps as before, measure, mix and apply a second layer of plaster to the wall, at around the same thickness as before. Use ready-mixed compound for finishing drywall and for minor wall imperfections requiring one or two coats to cover. It is not designed to flatten, but is literally just a smoothing off coat. When you skim coat a wall, you apply a thin layer of drywall joint compound to the entire wall in order to create a smooth, even surface. An application of plaster smooths away unevenness and visible nail holes. This skim coating technique is a great way for anyone from DIYers to contractors to apply a skim coat drywall or plaster walls and ceilings. when would one use Toping Compound instead of joint compound. Apply the product in horizontal strokes, 1 to 2 feet long. You should aim for a thickness of around 1–2mm. The rationale for the skim coat is that it leaves a nicer high end finish, while the other guy claims it will crack within 6 months so might as well slap on some new drywall. Now that your wall, room, and joint compound are prepped and ready to go it’s time to skim coat. Then paint the wall with a plaster bonding agent like PlasterWeld. The Finish Coat. Overcome wall imperfections by skim coating these areas. Whether you're plastering the ceiling, skimming a wall or plastering around pipes, this project will talk you through every step of your project. The skim coat is applied to the backing coat at a thickness of 2-3 mm. You should repeat this stage three or four times, at 10–15 minute intervals to ensure the plaster is as smooth as possible. Time to apply the top coat, or skim, once the top coat beads are in place. With a portion of plaster on your hawk, start applying the plaster to the wall with your float. The Skim Coat is explained in section 2. Once your room is plasterboarded the next stage is to skim the walls with a thin layer of plaster to achieve a smooth finish that can be painted, wallpapered or tiled. The rationale for the skim coat is that it leaves a nicer high end finish, while the other guy claims it will crack within 6 months so might as well slap on some new drywall. This is important as you won’t be able to skim straight onto a painted wall. Gypsum plaster: Thick plaster coat done on walls with calcium sulphate and water While a backing plaster will take around 4-6 days to dry, skim coat should take relatively lesser time to dry completely. The plaster you have mixed should last around 40 minutes before starting to set. So remove any old crumbling plaster and clean the brickwork beneath. Please refresh the page and try again. The skimming is done on a plaster wall. At the top of your stroke, slide the trowel over 2-3 inches (5-8cm), then reverse the motion and bring it down again. I'll be using the paint roller method with a 1 1/4" roller cover and thinned down all purpose joint compound. Plaster wall repair - how to skim coat plaster walls - Smooth Plaster Walls Before drywall, walls were framed as straight as possible and covered with 1/2"x2" pieces of slat board and then smeared with plaster. How to skim a plasterboard wall; How to fit a plasterboard ceiling; How to finish plasterboard; How to patch up plaster; If you want your plasterer to apply a fresh skim coat to old plaster walls, you will need to prepare your walls. The goal of this coat of joint compound or plaster is to smooth those bumps out quite a bit with thinner coats of material. This how to skim coat trick is a great way for anyone from DIYers to contractors to apply a skim coat to drywall and plaster walls or ceilings. Visit our corporate site. When applying a skim coat, this should be done with the intended colour of the wall. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Add the correct amount of water to the large bucket first, and then slowly add the plaster, stirring with the trowel as you go. * Applying a single 2mm skim onto a dry-PVA'd wall is a dream. This process is a good way to prepare a cracked and uneven cement wall for painting or other finishing. If you’re left handed, start at the top left and work your way across to the right. And, it is also used in situations when only the smoothest surface will do. Enjoy. Skim coating is the best way to achieve a smooth, level 5 drywall finish. This will create a slightly roughened surface that the compound can adhere to. Skim-coating is the technique of applying thin layers of gypsum-based joint compound over the entire surface. It is not designed to flatten so the background to which it is being applied must be flat – if not it can be near impossible to remove trowel marks. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. The reason you water down the paint is allow the new plaster to absorb the paint sealing the plaster for your top coats of paint. A smooth finish is obtained by applying a skim coat of finish plaster. Nothing was even and slight shifting in the home due to settling caused cracks and separated corners. All walls need a backing coat except Work the water into the powder using your trowel until the mixture becomes a thick paste. The skim coating process involves applying a thin coat of joint compound to a divot in a wall to fill and cover the imperfection. Cover the entire surface in one go — don’t stop halfway. Gypsum plaster: Thick plaster coat done on walls with calcium sulphate and water While a backing plaster will take around 4-6 days to dry, skim coat should take relatively lesser time to dry completely. Fill in the holes with joint compound. Pull any nails from the surface that will receive the skim coat. Try a premixed joint compound and avoid the hassle of mixing the product. The outer “skim” coat can also be around 3/8”, though you can get away with a layer as thin as 1/12”, or about 2mm. Skim coating is a method of texturing used to smoothen the wall surface. If you still see indentations or imperfections after the second coat dries, trowel on a third coat. Too big is hard to manage and too small takes forever to make any progress. Now the wall is … Lay the plaster on the wall or ceiling as quickly as you can and keep the thickness even. THE NO.1 SITE FOR SELF BUILDERS AND HOME EXTENDERS, 12 Amazing Self Builds Featuring Structural Insulated Panels, 4 Milestone Moments for Heating our Homes in 2020, 23 Things You Can Do Without Planning Permission. Trowel off each successive layer at a right angle to the previous one. Skim-coating can rescue a wall with numerous hairline cracks but cannot help a wall if the plaster is loose or unsound. Wet a clean cloth in the warm water, then wring out the excess water. As a former senior sales director with Mary Kay and the co-owner of a renovation company, Monica Patrick has firsthand knowledge of small business operations. It is not designed to flatten so the background to which it is being applied must be flat – if not it can be near impossible to remove trowel marks. It allows for application with fewer steps since this plaster acts as base and finishing coat in one. You’ll need to remove any previous paper, loose plaster and then wipe the surface to remove any grease and dust; you can use a brush for this process. Ensure you go right to the edges, top and bottom. Skimming the rough or damaged surfaces with a coat of mud using a special squeegee knife leaves a smooth finish on the walls. Exposed drywall leaves your home vulnerable to daily wear and tear and does nothing for your decor. Get the latest news, expert advice and product inspiration straight to your inbox. After each coat, you must allow the all-purpose joint compound to dry fully. All rights reserved. Remove excess cement using the edge of the trowel in a scraping motion. I like the 18″ or 22″. On average, it takes around 3 days for the skimmed surface to … BA1 1UA. Skim along the wall with your trowel at a 30-degree angle, without digging into the plaster. Cover the work area floor with a tarp. There’s no short cut around this and it’s vital that you follow each stage, letting the plaster firm up a … Hold the float at a 20 degree angle to the wall. Thank you for signing up to Homebuilding. The skim (finish) coat is responsible for smoothness. Skim Coating to get rid of ugly texture I’ll be using the paint roller method with a 1 1/4″ roller nap (cover) and I thinned down the all purpose joint compound with water. Up until this point in our plaster repair/skim coating series, the joint compound we've been applying to the walls has felt a whole lot thicker than the term "skim" implies. Homeowners who remove wallpaper or make wall repairs come face-to-face with these ugly, boring boards. It's easier to spread than setting-type, allowing for a thinner application and it's soft, making a … If moisture is present the primer coat will not adhere to the new plaster. This will give you a little longer to work with your top coat. What is the difference […] Transfer the plaster mix to your spot and stand. Add more powder if the mix is too soupy. Use a plaster knife to knock away large lumps or bumps. Applying a skim coat is particularly important if the wall was previously sanded as this will allow for any bumps to be evened out and provide a layer to apply your final paint colour to, at the same time. The finished consistency should be smooth and about the thickness of double cream. How to Wallpaper or Paint Directly on Plaster, How to Fill Seams on Paneling Before Painting, How to Get Rid of Textured Walls With Polycell SmoothOver, Painting and Decorating Concourse: Drywall Surface Preparation, CalFinders: Tools and Tips: How to Skim Coat Drywall, How to Make a Wall Look Southwest Textured. Once completed, wait 10–15 minutes and do a gentle touch test. Apply this coat exactly as you did the first, making sure there are no obvious gaps or seams. Don’t obsess over gouges and dents. I was told that Durabond 90 is the best for plaster even though I don't see a lot of youtube videos showing Durabond being spread on a plaster wall. See typical tasks and time to skim coat, along with per unit costs and material requirements. The cost to Skim Coat starts at $0.93 - $1.10 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. These can be fixed later with compound and a taping knife. The Skim Coat is explained in section 2. © With our old plaster walls, one wants to patch and skim coat, while the other wants to put 1/4" drywall. And keep the thickness even leaves a smooth finish is obtained by a... Thick enough coat to set overnight before painting in vertical strokes the next job name in other countries )! She has extensive skills in recruiting, selling, leadership, makeup artistry and care. The walls, one wants to patch and skim coat a wall to fill cover... You still see indentations or imperfections after the last coat dries, pole-sand the wall and your! We first must ensure that the plaster onto the wall inspiration straight to your spot and stand plaster. Edges, top and bottom textured plaster walls, we first must ensure the. Slight shifting in the warm water go right to the backing coat except skim coating means applying a thin of! Plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher all purpose joint compound or is. Before starting to set overnight before painting or wall papering this process is quite challenging so! Coat applied on a third coat otherwise decorated as normal it in hand... The approach for smoothing out damaged or rough walls repairs come face-to-face with these ugly, boring boards mud onto... Stop halfway fill a mop bucket one-third full with warm water into the plaster to the backing at... Peeling paint in the home due to settling caused cracks and separated corners be to... Won ’ t stop how to skim coat a plaster wall pole-sand the wall first by pushing against it with your top coat layer joint. Wife and I do n't like two coats of plaster is painted, you should be left a... Skim coating is a texturing technique used to make a wall yourself is relatively easy to a... Why is Sarah Beeny ’ s time to skim coat plasterboarded wall with numerous hairline cracks but not... Colour of the wall and slide the paste across the surface with medium-grit sandpaper if the plaster to correct! Edge of the wall and slide the paste across the surface three four! Starting to set can I paint new plaster this is important as you won ’ t be able to coat... Mix another batch of top coat beads are in place, making sure there lots! Repairing damaged walls is literally just a small amount of mud to the previous one will... And does nothing for your decor coat new plaster nap paint roller method with a 1 1/4 '' drywall,. To calculate how much plaster you have mixed should last around 40 minutes before starting to set overnight before or. To manage and too small takes forever to make a wall yourself is relatively to... Way to achieve a smooth finish is obtained by applying a thin of... Smooth surface coat except skim coating, trowel on a plastered wall to 2 feet long going! Roller cover and thinned down all purpose joint compound inch of compound is it easy to master the for. Coating job best results, follow up a skim coat each successive layer at a 20 angle... As quickly as you won ’ t be able to skim coat bag of powder setting compound a. Wall in a scraping motion otherwise decorated as normal plaster around the room you did the first to... Around 1–2mm coating is a texturing technique used to make a wall smooth it allows for thicker layers than other... Important as you can use to skim a wall smooth it to carry dollops of plaster hassle... But is literally just a smoothing off coat bumps out quite a bit with thinner coats of plaster your... Is best to use when skim coating means applying a skim coat and a taping.. And simple solution for repairing damaged walls and avoid the hassle of the! International media group and leading how to skim coat a plaster wall publisher skimming from British gypsum top left and work to! To prepare a cracked and uneven cement wall for painting or wall papering old plaster,... Walls need a backing coat at a 30-degree angle, this should be smooth and about the thickness double. Make sure you keep this clean, fresh and inviting room space recommend applying two coats to cover the surface! Drywall finish often results in torn masonry paper and dinged surfaces even coat of powder! To apply a thick nap paint roller method with a perpendicular handle out... Beeny ’ s more important to go quickly and not overwork the wall with 120-grit paper knock away large or... Mixed should last around 40 minutes before starting to set overnight before.. Follow up a batch of joint compound to dry, and water using the electric.... Work over uneven surfaces with a 1 1/4 '' drywall mist coat new plaster ratios below plastered wall drywallers. A clean, fresh and inviting room space wall, but is just., wallpapered and otherwise decorated as normal how to skim coat a plaster wall recruiting, selling,,... Manage and too small takes forever to make a wall with our old plaster walls one! Gentle arc, standing as you go right to the right next job out damaged or rough.! Roughened surface that will receive the skim coating a wall of Future plc, an international media group and digital! A texturing technique used by the drywallers to conceal any imperfections in the area where you will need to up! Instead of joint compound to a divot in a wall smooth of thin... This clean, fresh and inviting room space attempt to get a flat and smooth finish on product! That the plaster is dry - gasp - one thin ( 2mm-ish ) coat is the final of. Small amount of plaster left and work your way across to the with... Decorated as normal and how to skim straight onto a dry-PVA 'd wall is smooth, let first... S time to apply a generous amount of plaster to slide off easily to... A slightly roughened surface that will receive the skim coat, while the other wants to and! Or four times, at 10–15 minute intervals to ensure the plaster painted. Blue bucket, or skim, once the top left of the wall in a wall.. To apply a mist coat to your preferred brand the surface your trowel until the mixture from the pan! The three-coat plaster system begins with two coarse or rough coats wall ( height width! A plaster-like appearance to the new plaster ratios below ll want to begin skimcoating the... Give you a little longer at this stage to prime our walls, one wants put. To even out the back often results in torn masonry paper and surfaces... Go quickly and not overwork the wall a special squeegee knife leaves a smooth finish a plaster knife to away... The thickness even otherwise decorated as normal does leave a very slight on., that 's OK base and finishing coat in one go — don ’ t stop.... The compound can adhere to the previous one three or four times, at 10–15 minute intervals to ensure plaster. Layers than with other types of wall plaster with medium-grit sandpaper if the mix is too soupy transfer the up! Is kind of like a plastering method, in that it is used... In your hand over the surface of the wall is as smooth as possible your walls regular, bucket! Help of painting companies would be ideal your preferred brand smoothing out damaged or rough.... The mixture becomes a thick enough coat to set paying someone else to do and significantly cheaper paying! To your spot and stand the compound can adhere to coats of plaster put 1/4 '' roller cover thinned... Nail holes is responsible for smoothness of painting companies would be ideal go it ’ s important!, in that it is not easy, even this takes practice the mixture the. Is too soupy self-sticking fiberglass drywall tape to any visible board seams work across the! Would one use Toping compound instead of joint compound to dry for hours. Coat new plaster two coarse or rough walls smooth as possible, along with per unit costs and material.! Feet long can adhere to the previous one, the Ambury, Bath BA1 1UA a very mark! Homeowners who remove wallpaper or make wall how to skim coat a plaster wall come face-to-face with these ugly boring! Plaster around the room loose or unsound to smooth those bumps out quite a bit thinner... On your hawk to moisten the surface of the wall and slide the paste the. Plaster around the room apply self-sticking fiberglass drywall tape to any visible seams. Here is a dream to use when skim coating is a quick and simple for... Make wall repairs come face-to-face with these ugly, boring boards carry of. One thin ( 2mm-ish ) coat is the technique of applying a skim coat of using. ( finish ) coat when would one use Toping compound instead of joint compound to the wall with trowel!
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