Many slaves tried to escape from their owners but very few succeeded. By Joseph Parish. This is the currently selected item. A lot of land was given to tobacco plantations because there was such a high demand for the good in Europe. The local economy in the Balls and southern colonies was characterized by the headright, the right to receive 50 acres (200,000 m2) of land for any immigrant who settled in Virginia or paid for the transportation of an immigrant who settled in Virginia (51.342 acres (207,770 m2) per head). Tobacco became a very popular crop and required lots of land and … In the Chesapeake Bay area cities included only Baltimore, Maryland, and Richmond, Virginia, in the Chesapeake region, and in the southern colonies, Charleston, South Carolina, and Savannah, Georgia. Differences between the Chesapeake Bay and New England ColoniesThere are many key differences that distinguish the inhabitants of the New England colonies from those of the Chesapeake Bay colonies. This led to a shift in buying more slaves from Africa, as they did not all speak the same language, making them much easier to control. In 1660, the King tightened up the royal government's hold in the colonies due to uprisings throughout the South and the Chesapeake region. Slaves brought their African knowledge which aided the development of rice and indigo growing. As a result, the society became polarized between those who owned large tracts of land near the Atlantic and people whose land was subject to Indian attack as well as former indentured servants who could not afford the favored land . These people tended to settle in the back country and away from the more developed coastal areas.[15]. These families often controlled vast numbers of workers as well. By 1700, the Virginia colonists had made their fortunes through the cultivation of tobacco, setting a pattern that was followed in Maryland and the Carolinas. Each section of the colonies maintained certain principles which it emphasized for educational necessities. The Chesapeake region was inhabited mostly by young men who come to the New World in pursuit of money. Sort by: Top Voted. _____ companies were formed by entrepreneurs in Britain who hoped to _____ by establishing a colony 2. Tobacco products, lumber, grain and boats. The slaves were taken from their families in Africa and worked all day cultivating, drying leaves, and packing the tobacco. Slavery in the British colonies. Assembly was the only branch with the power over funds and taxation, and it used this power as leverage over the governor to occasionally steal his power. Forensic Accounting as it relates to fraud Essay. Therefore, plantation owners began to import slaves from Africa to do the work. Both the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies started as similar colonies but developed into different societies. The first successful settlement in the Chesapeake, Jamestown (1607), was set up by the Virginia Company and therefore its population was made up mostly of English. Chapter 4 Questions Chesapeake And New England Colonies Essay 1819 Words | 8 Pages. Though indigo and rice were also grown, the demand for tobacco and the ease with which it grew turned tobacco into the largest cash crop for the Chesapeake and southern colonies. The Chesapeake Colonies I. These people were … Their different economics also affected their social development. The House of Burgesses, as with most colonial assemblies, was elected by free, white, landowning men. Both the Chesapeake colonies and the New England colonies had different social structure and development. Other people who belonged to the elite social class included clergymen, magistrates, and plantation owners. Up Next. What was the social class of Chesapeake colonies? The Social effects of colonization can be summed up by looking at the three different races directly affected by this initial colonization and the long lasting effects it portended. Tobacco grew successfully in the Chesapeake Bay region and turned a comparatively large which allowed for the colonies in the region to succeed. At the beginning of the 18th century, global trade of the southern colonies was changing a lot about their society. Education within the colonies fluctuated according to the region under discussion, and the social class of the inhabitants. This was intended to promote settlement and ownership of small farms by several immigrants, from which staple crops such as indigo, rice, and especially tobacco could be grown for profit. Most of these exports were headed to Britain, whose Navigation Acts restricted trade with other countries. Fortunately, growing demand for these products meant a ready market with mostly escalating prices. In this class, etiquette was rigidly enforced; no one was allowed to "dress above their station" and were forced to sit in church according to their own social standing. Cash crops like tobacco, rice, and indigo were the areas main exports. Chesapeake Colonies: Virginia, Maryland. As agriculture grew in importance in the southern economy, the demand for more workers grew as well. Despite this similarity, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Within New England and the Chesapeake colonies were very different social conditions. The government was generally run by the rich plantation owners who already had enough land and just wanted to avoid conflict, so the poor free men rebelled by holding the House of Burgesses hostage. Taylor explores the Chesapeake social class structure and how economics influenced its shape in the Chesapeake colonies. These effects from the King: 1 economy, the colonies making up the colonies! 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